Automate Active Directory Migration Tool using Windows PowerShell

Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) provides the ability to restructure Active Directory domain structures. It allows you to migrate users, groups and computers between domains, both intra-forest and inter-forest. Features includes password migration, SID migration and security translation among several others.
ADMT was recently released in version 3.2, adding support for Windows Server 2008 R2 and Managed Service Accounts. You can find the download here, and the ADMT migration guide here.

ADMT provides three options on how to use it, where the first and maybe most used is the GUI:


Its wizard driven and pretty straightforward to use.
The second option is the admt.exe command line utility:


In my opinion this is a pretty good example on how inconsistent various command line tools are compared to PowerShell. Although ADMT is a great tool, hopefully the next version will be rebuilt based on PowerShell.

The third option is scripting. There is a COM-object called ADMT.Migration, and there is a sample VB-script (templatescript.vbs) in the ADMT installation directory (by default C:WindowsADMT). This sample script is a good place to start to explore how the COM-object works.

Based on this Ive written a sample PowerShell script, Invoke-ADMTUserMigration, to migrate user accounts and passwords using Windows PowerShell. This script uses the “ADMTDomain” option, which means that all users from the source OU will be migrated to the target OU. To see other available options, see the ADMT documentation and the sample VBScript. Migrating other objects, like groups and computers, the same way should be pretty easy when comparing Invoke-ADMTUserMigration to templatescript.vbs.

Note that since ADMT is a 32-bit application the script must be run from an x86 instance of Windows PowerShell. It also requires elevated privileges (Run as Administrator). Trying to run it in an x64-bit PowerShell instance or without elevated privileges will result in the following error:
New-Object : Retrieving the COM class factory for component with CLSID {285029CC-5048-4D90-8B38-22D304F513DC} failed du
e to the following error: 80040154.

Before trying to run the script I would recommend that you read the ADMT migration guide and ensures that migration works as expected by running a few test migrations from the GUI.

When this is done, I also would recommend to split the migration in batches as recommended in the migration guide. A maximum of 100 objects at a time might be appropriate. Before moving on to the next batch, check the migration logs (by default in C:WindowsADMTLogs) to see that everything went OK before proceeding.

To take this a step further, Ive created a function, Migrate-ADMTUser, that migrates a single user object. This would allow you to easily do things like this:
Get-ADUser -Filter {Company -like "Oslo"} | Migrate-ADMTUser

This example combines the Active Directory module for PowerShell with ADMT, allowing us to more fine grained control on what objects to migrate.
Note that both the sample script and sample function I
ve created is meant as a guidance on how to use PowerShell to automate ADMT. The optimal way as I see it would be creating an ADMT PowerShell module with functions for migrate other objects like computers and groups in addition to users and passwords.


ADMT 3.2: Common Installation Issues

ADMT Guide: Migrating and Restructuring Active Directory Domains (TechNet-version)